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防止經濟崩潰期資本外逃,俄羅斯央行建議加強加密監控

by Iris Wu —— 2022-03-21
25 share / 4.3k views

_________________________________________________________________________________________

俄羅斯中央銀行(The Central Bank of Russia, CBR)呼籲採取加強 P2P 交易監控,包括加密貨幣交易。該行為是避免俄羅斯在遭受經濟制裁之際,大量外匯外流的「特殊經濟措施」。該建議包括對加密交易進行更嚴格的監督,因為加密交易被列為從俄羅斯撤資的工具之一。

 

俄羅斯加強加密貨幣監管

Source: Yury Isaev

加強監控加密貨幣交易是俄羅斯中央銀行(The Central Bank of Russia, CBR) 副主席 Yury Isaev 於 3 月 18 日指示銀行機構密切關注客戶的「異常行為」,尤其是對俄羅斯不友好的國家或組織(目前有48個在政府名單上,包括美國、英國和所有歐盟國家)試圖撤出資產的行為,應更加關注。而包括「異常」交易活動和不常見的支出模式,任何透過加密貨幣提款的行為也要關注,若有必要,必須阻止這些可疑交易。

 

各國對俄羅斯進行制裁

在俄烏戰爭開始後,美國與歐盟先對俄羅斯祭出幾波經濟制裁,隨後俄羅斯也不甘示弱,以同樣方式回敬美國與歐盟等國,因此限制外幣流出的特別措施。其中包括將俄羅斯公民的外幣交易限制在 5,000 美元,以及對出國旅行的人的現金匯兌上限為 10,000 美元。若在「不友好」司法管轄區的居民購買不動產、證券和其他資產,則需要經過政府同意授權。

俄羅斯銀行協會副主席 Aleksey Voylukov 表示,CBR 的建議旨在防止規避制裁的財產外移計畫,特別是透過加密貨幣交易所。

目前至少有超過 1,000 萬俄羅斯人民共持有約 5 兆盧布(約 630 億美元)的加密貨幣。以此金額來看央行建議措施,就不意外。由於 Visa 和 Mastercard 卡已經被禁用,且俄羅斯政府對交易實施嚴格限制,這讓俄羅斯人民只能選擇將加密貨幣作為資金轉移的唯一選擇。原本外傳持有加密貨幣的多是俄羅斯政商名流,歐美制裁也是針對這少數人,但在俄羅斯通膨與盧布貶值的情況下,有大量民眾選擇加密貨幣保值資產與避險。

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